Head and Neck Oncosurgery –
This is surgery performed for cancers of the head and neck region. Oral cancers involving the tongue and cheek are a big problem in our country because of widespread addiction to tobacco products. This includes chewing tobacco in supari, gutkha, smoking cigarettes, bidis etc. Most of these cancers start with a small lesion which often doesn’t cause any symptoms and is ignored by the patient. Hence patients present in late stage of the disease when they become ulcerated and bleed. Biopsy of the suspicious lesion in which a small piece of the tissue is removed and examined by a pathologist, confirms the diagnosis. Early diagnosis and treatment yield good results in these tumors
Apart from oral cancers, cancers of the throat such as cancers of voice box, cancers of the thyroid gland, salivary gland, cancers involving the nasal cavity are also common in India. Treatment of head and neck cancers requires a multi-disciplinary approach that consists of oncosurgeon, medical oncologist (doctor who prescribe chemotherapy), radiation oncologist (doctor then treats with radiation), dentist, radiologist (doctor that looks at x-ray films), doctor in nuclear medicines(that looks at PET scan), speech and language pathologist (that helps with speech and swallowing) and clinical coordinator to help patients coordinate with all the above services.